About Nepal

Nepal At a Glance

  • Area : 147181 Sq. Km
  • Geography : Situated between China in the north and India in the east , west and south.
  • Capital : Kathmandu
  • Population : 26.6 millions
  • Language : Nepali , English , Hindi
  • Currency : Nepalese Rupee ; 1 INR = 1.6 NPR ( Approx. date on 31 march 2015 )
  • ISD Calling Code : 00977
  • Mobile Operators : NCELL , Nepal Telecom
  • Climatic seasons: (a) Spring : March-May / (b) Summer : June-August/  (c) Autumn : September-November / (d) Winter : December-February

Nepal is one of the founder members of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and is a picturesque country, capped with some of the world’s highest peaks. Spanning a length and breadth of nearly 500 miles by 120 miles, Nepal covers an area of 55,463 square miles, with a topographically varied terrain. 80 percent of its land is covered by hills and mountains and the rest by plains, low lands and river valleys. It has a population of nearly 23 million increasing annually by about 2.7 percent.

Nepal is a predominantly agricultural country with more than 90% of the people engaged in agriculture. The population of Nepal is made up of a multitude of races and tribes, living in different regions with varying cultures, customs and languages. The Gurungs and Magars live mainly in the west and on the southern slopes of the Annapurna, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal mountains. The Rais, Limbus and Sunuwars inhabit the slopes and valleys of the eastern mid hills.

The Sherpas also known as “Tigers of the Snow” live in the Himalayan Region up to an average altitude of 4,750 meters. The Newars constitute an important ethnic group in the Kathmandu valley which is capital city of Nepal. There are Tharus, Yadavas, Satar, Rajvanshis and Dhimals in the Terai region. The Brahmans, Chhetris and Thakuris are spread generally over most parts of the country.

Though the different languages spoken and written by the people of Nepal are specific to various ethnic groups, Nepali is the national language written in Devnagari script, serving the purpose of the lingua franca in Nepal. The educated people speak and understand English and Hindi as well.

Nepal’s climate varies with its topography. It ranges from tropical to arctic depending upon the altitude. The terai region, which lies in the southern part of the country has a hot and humid climate. The mid-land regions are pleasant almost all the year round, although winter nights are cold. The northern mountain region around an altitude above 3,353 meters has an Alpine climate with a considerably lower temperature in winter as can be expected.
Nepal has four climatic seasons:
(a) Spring : March-May
(b) Summer : June-August
(c) Autumn : September-November
(d) Winter : December-February

Here’s a brief view of the average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas in Nepal.

PlacesSummer ( May- July)
Max ( oC )
Summer ( May-July)
Min ( oC )
Summer
Rainfall (mm )
Winter ( Dec - Feb )
Max ( oC )
Winter ( Dec- Feb )
Min. ( oC )
Winter
Rainfall (mm)
Kathmandu28.119.531219.3315.4
Chitwan33.025.340424.18.313.8
Pokhara29.721.3829.720.37.726.3